It will take the modern-day trekkers about as long as the original trek, and the planned route actually is considerably longer than the 1846 route, due to property lines and farms being in place now, versus a wide-open prairie. See Fleek, History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion (Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Company, 2006), 324–27. On 16 July 1846, the Mormon Battalion officially came into existence under Lieutenant Colonel James Allen, Jr. at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. We are thankful to them all - related or not - for their examples and faith. More than 6 months and 2,000 miles later complete with the heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle, they reached the Pacific Ocean. Although the Mormons had little reason to enlist – given the treatment they had received in Missouri and Illinois – it was decided it still might be advantageous to them, both as a source of income and as a sign of continuing allegiance to the United States. During its service, the battalion made a grueling mar… The volunteers served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. Under continued religious persecution, they had fled Nauvoo, Illinois, on 4 February 1846 across the Mississippi River. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. Please choose from the following two options: 1. A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. March 2,000 miles through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. Home Years in the United States Years by state of the United States Years in California 1851 in California Mormon Trail Monument. My name is Paul Hoffman. Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. All soldiers, whether en route to the Salt Lake Valley via Pueblo or still in Los Angeles, were mustered out of the United States Army on 16 July 1847. They went in different directions and, along the way, discovered gold, blazed new routes into California, buried victims of the Donner Party, and proved themselves useful in incalculable ways. Headquarters Co. of the Mormon Battalion The battalion marched from Council Bluffs on 20 July 1846, arriving on 1 August 1846 at Fort Leavenworth (Kansas), where they were outfitted for their trek to Santa Fe. Jul 22, 2014 - Mormon Battalion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia People who want to trek for more than two weeks and can contribute skills or services will qualify for a discount. the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail The Mormon Trail extends History of . The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a lengthy distance the Santa Fe Trail. Within that text, I found it interesting that several dates and figures from my initial draft were changed by my missionary friend in San Diego. Anyone who is interested in doing the entire trek needs to contact Henson directly, as soon as possible. Tyler, Daniel. Marker is on West Frontage Road (U.S. 85), on the left when traveling north. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion … My job, then, as the cartographer, is to take that data and tell a compelling visual story using color, type, and other visual elements. Why does your red line go where it does?” Well, scholars have done most of that heavy lifting already. Indeed, the service of 500 Latter-day Saint men and women in the Mormon Battalion in 1846-47 was the salvation of the Church. A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846-1847. n. … It invites you to stop with them along the way and gather details through the narratives. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846-47 By Stanley B. Kimball (July 1979 Ensign) (Route maps located at bottom) What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. The Mormon Battalion's only engagement of the war, the Battle of the Bulls, occurred December 11, 1846, when several of the battalion's hunters opened fire on wild cattle that had stampeded into the rear companies. Including stopovers, the Battalion took 194 days to march approximately 2,000 miles to San Diego, one of the longest marches in U.S. military history. The idea for the map began when I got to talking to one of the historic site’s senior missionaries. Even before that, the first thing you probably notice on the map is the bold red line of their march, emphasizing the great distance. I am certainly not the family history consultant extraordinaire for the family, but I did recall that I had an ancestor who was a member of the Mormon Battalion. This film summarizes the history of the Mormon Battalion's historic march during the Mexican-American War in 1846. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” acrossthe Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. The Mormon Battalion was the only religiously based unit in United States military history, [1] and it served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican-American War.The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 [2] [3] and 559 [4] Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular US army officers. True faithful saints - they went though so much for us. To sign up for Meridian’s Free Newsletter, please CLICK HERE. Once word of my plans got out, many descendants of Battalion soldiers and other interested people started asking to accompany me. To honor his memory, Henson decided to have a number of trekkers be more immersed in the experience, if they so choose. Cadre members will pitch a replica tent and will eat and sleep as a group, with meals and tents provided by trek leaders. To order maps and brochures, please contact us. They met the leading families of the area and camped at the rancho of Don Juan Avila. The battalion reached San Diego on January 29, 1847 where they were commended by their commanding officer Colonel Cooke for completing the longest infantry march in history. Saved by husky. Sorenson, Stephen B. During these discussions I learned that among the workers that constructed Sutter’s Mill were a number of veterans of the Mormon Battalion. While never engaging in battle, they were instrumental in building the southern road used by later pioneers to California as well as a northern route. “Our trek isn’t intended to be a completely accurate reproduction of the Mormon Battalion’s 1846 trek, Henson said. Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Temple Location Announced, Temple in Tooele Relocated and Renamed, President Joseph F. Smith on Finding Peace in Perilous Times, Has Orson Hyde’s Prayer Been Fulfilled? Ezra Heela Allen not only joined the Battalion to San Diego area, but went to Coloma to help with Sutter's Mill. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. July 20 is the 170th anniversary of the Battalion’s departure from Council Bluffs, Iowa. The toll was ten to fifteen bulls killed, two mules gored to death, three men wounded. Brigham Young saw the request as an answer to the Saints’ needs and guaranteed those who enlisted that if they were faithful, no lives would be lost to hostile action[1]. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. The new road became a route to California and the Butterfield Stage was operated on the road twice weekly from 1858 to 1861. Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. Their participation has now become a staple of the “River of Time” and has grown in numbers and scope to include about 50-60 local members of the Church and community. The march also opened a southern wagon route to California, and veterans of the battalion played significant roles in the westward expansion of California, Utah, Arizona, and other parts of the West. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. You may have wondered by now, “How do you know where the Battalion marched? They camped among the PotawatomiIndians near what became Omaha, Nebraska. Within the trekkers there will be a special group of reenactors known as Cooke’s Cadre. On March 20, 2004, the battalion re-enactors paraded into San Juan Capistrano as part of the Swallows Day Parade. On March 20, 1847, the Mormon Battalion stopped at the Mission San Juan Capistrano en route to El Pueblo de Los Angeles to secure California for the United States. After a year of service, the Battalion was disbanded at Los Angeles. Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. In order to accomplish this endeavor, a charitable corporation was organized. That’s more than $1,100 in today’s money (sounds generous to me)! At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … In 2002, Henson’s scouts reenacted the role of the Mormon Battalion, thereby representing the Mexican-American War. I’m convinced that this trek will succeed because of the volunteers who have caught the vision and come to love these largely forgotten pioneers as I do.”, He continued, “If we can start a tradition of ‘living history,’ perhaps we can inspire a new generation of people to perpetuate the Battalion’s story and thereby broaden and deepen our understanding of their contribution to the tapestry of North American history.”. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. In the 1950s, the Mormons re-established a Mormon Battalion with the goal of erecting monuments along the entire march route to honor the original Battalion. Though the map I created was not used by the historic site, it stands for me as a way to honor and bless Richard and all his Battalion companions. So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. On March 20, 1847, the Mormon Battalion stopped at the Mission San Juan Capistrano en route to El Pueblo de Los Angeles to secure California for the United States. Jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van Roo's board "Mormon Battalion" on Pinterest. From that conversation, he sent me some materials to begin my research and my mapping project commenced. That simple visit had at least three pretty profound results: a deeper appreciation for the Battalion, a greater love for my fourth-great-grandfather Richard Sessions, and the creation of two maps to honor the Battalion and educate those who would like to learn more. By hiking about 14½ miles a Perhaps you already know the story of the Mormon Battalion: pioneers were struggling across Iowa in 1846 after fleeing Nauvoo and then the US Army enlisted 500 men to respond to the Mexican–American War. See: Sergeant Daniel Tyler, A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846–1848 (1969); Philip St. George Cooke, et. Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke was the Mormon Battalion commander from Santa Fe to California. For the next five months until their discharge on July 16, 1847 in Los Angeles, the battalion trained and also performed occupation duties in several locations in southern California. Drive the Trail Ordering Maps. By Kent Duryee. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. He was not a Latter-day Saint, but many credit Cooke’s leadership with the fact that the lives of Battalion members were preserved in their difficult march across the desert. I wanted a map that would help others get to know and appreciate who those soldiers were, what they did, and how hard it was. “I decided to do it as a personal goal. • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” across the Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country • Route used by Jackass Mail line, Butterfield Stagecoach Line, Southern Pacific Railroad The field of grain he planted there before going back to Winter Quarters (another 1,000 miles) was eaten by crickets. 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